What is CBD?
What is CBD?
Simply put, cannabis oil is the concentrated liquid extract of the marijuana plant, Cannabis sativa.
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant. It's a naturally occurring substance that's used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and calm. Unlike its cousin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it's not psychoactive.
Similar to other herbal extracts, the chemicals in cannabis oils vary depending on how the extract is made and what chemicals were in the plant to begin with.
Cannabis plants produce thousands of compounds but the most well rocognized belong to a class called cannabinoids. There are several cannabinoids but the two that are most well-known among consumers are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).
THC is the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana and it is what people are searching for when they want a product that gives them a “high”. Unlike THC, CBD isn’t know to cause psychoactive effects, and is therefore attractive to those who want to avoid the high but who believe there are other benefits of CBD
CBD acts upon CB1 and CBD2 receptors located throughout the body to produce a variety of potentially positive outcomes. CBD does not bind directly to either of these receptors but instead impacts them indirectly.
Does CBD get you high?
No. The cannabis plant is made up of two main players: CBD and THC. "CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won't have any effects like euphoria. Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes. But unlike THC, CBD does not make a person feel “stoned” or intoxicated.
Where does hemp come in to all this?
You've probably heard the terms cannabis, marijuana, and hemp all tossed around in relation to CBD. The plant Cannabis sativa has two primary species, hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD, but there's a much higher percentage in hemp, which also has very low (less than 0.01%) levels of THC compared to marijuana.
When people talk about hemp oil, they're referring to oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. There are no cannabinoids—CBD or THC—in hemp oil. This ingredient is packed with healthy fats and often appears in beauty products for its moisturizing benefits.
Benefits of CBD
Google what are the benefits of CBD to see how it could help you, we cannot make any claims about the benefits of CBD as we are not medical practitioners.
Here are some links you might find useful:
But is it legal?
CBD is completely legal in the UK, “provided it has been derived from an industrial hemp strain that is EU-approved”. These strains contain very little to no THC.
For CBD oil to be legal in the UK, it must contain less than 0.01% THC, and the THC must not be easily separated from it. By contrast, cannabis oil, which has a higher THC content, is not usually allowed in the UK.
Because there is no recommended dose, the information presented on this page is intended to serve only as an informational guide – a starting point of reference – and should never be considered medical advice.
Know your product and how to calculate what you are consuming, always read the label instructions.
Concentration, or strength, refers to the total amount of CBD in a given product. Concentration is measured in milligrams (mg). This is different from dosage, which indicates the amount of CBD per serving. For instance, let’s say a bottle of CBD tincture has a concentration of 1500 mg and contains 30 milliliters (mL) of tincture, with 1 mL as the standard serving size. This means each 1-mL serving will contain approximately 50 mg of CBD; the consumer is not ingesting 1500 mg with each dosage.
Most research has used doses from 40 milligrams daily to 1,500 milligrams. Some people advocate starting with 10 to 40 milligrams daily and increasing to the desired effect. But before treating a medical condition, talk with your doctor about the best approach for your specific condition
The only way to know, is to start small and build from there if necessary. There is no need to go through a loading phase with CBD, and here is why:
The body has its own cannabinoid system, called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS produces its own cannabinoids, which are structurally similar to the cannabinoids found in cannabis. When you consume cannabinoids (through oil, skin, edibles, vaping or smoking), you are simply supplementing and therefore adding to the existing pool of cannabinoids the body is itself producing. Unfortunately, our bodies don’t produce as much as they should, and for good health, it’s wise to supplement with a full spectrum product.
Cannabinoids work by binding to receptors in the body called cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). These determine the behavioral effects of cannabis when consumed, as well as the effects of your body’s own cannabis chemicals, 2-AG and anandamide.
CB1 receptors are located in the brain and throughout the body (central nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and related organs), while CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune and gastrointestinal system; although CB2 receptors are also found in the brain, they are not expressed quite as densely as CB1 receptors.
It is important to understand that an individual may overexpress CB2 - in other words, have more receptors than is normal. In this case, the individual will be much more sensitive to CBD. Other patients may under express this receptor, meaning they may be less sensitive to the therapeutic effects of a cannabinoid like CBD. The density of a particular type of receptor within a region of the body may also differ - For example, you may (unusually) have a higher concentration of CB2 receptors in the brain, and a much lower concentration (than normal) in the gastrointestinal system. This is why it’s also important to experiment with doses, and always start small. If something doesn’t appear to be working for you, it’s not because it won’t work, it’s just that you haven’t found the correct levels for you and your condition
Can you overdose on CBD?
No, you can’t overdose on CBD. There is no known lethal dose of CBD. When dosing it’s important to start small and work up slow, but it’s equally important to back down your dose if you have any negative side effects. Some negative side effects might be: drowsiness, lethargy, increased heart rate, or upset stomach. Those symptoms are rare, but if you experience these or any others it’s best to decrease the dose you are taking.
How to take
Liquid CBD Oil/Tinctures/Extracts: Drops or tinctures should have a “suggested serving size” and the total milligrams of CBD listed on their packaging. From there, you can determine the amount of CBD you would like to ingest. Simply place the correct quantity of drops under your tongue using the dropper and hold the CBD oil in place for a minimum of 60 seconds. The 60 second hold allows for absorption via the blood vessels underneath your tongue – efficiently bypassing first-pass metabolism. Once 60 seconds has passed, swallow the CBD oil.
CBD E-Liquid/Vape Cartridges: Vaping is excellent for people looking for an immediate response, as inhalation is the fastest way to deliver CBDs to your brain and body. To use vape simply exhale gently the air from your lungs then inhale through the mouthpiece slowly for 3 seconds. Then fill your lungs the rest of the way with additional breath and hold for a few seconds, exhaling when ready. There are pre-filled, cost-effective vape pens and cartridges available as well as more expensive vaporizers that you can refill with CBD-infused e-liquid.
CBD Edibles: With edibles, the only required steps are open, eat, and enjoy! This method of consumption will result in more drawn-out effects that also take longer to kick in than some of the other options. Edibles are great for those seeking sustained effects, or for those who want to be subtle about their usage of CBDs.
Balms, Creams & Lotions: Apply where needed as required
Will I fail a drugs test after taking CBD?
Here at CBD Life UK, we often receive questions and concerns from people who are hesitant to begin taking CBD in fear of them failing a drugs test. While they are so many great benefits of taking CBD, we wouldn’t want people being afraid of losing their jobs from using our products.
In many workplaces drug testing is common, if not mandatory and more workers than ever before are being subjected to drug screening. Even before initial employment has taken place, some employers have drug testing down as a common condition before you get the go ahead.
As we’re sure many of you know, drugs tests aren’t just for cannabis. They are also there to detect things like cocaine, opioids, amphetamines and more. Depending on what it is that you have been taking and how often, detection of it through a drugs test can be possible from a few hours to weeks later!
We know how important it is to be confident in the company you are buying CBD products from by knowing the potency and safety of the products. So, here’s the facts:
CBD is a cannabis compound that doesn’t make you ‘stoned’ or ‘high’. When it comes to cannabis, drugs tests pick up THC (the compound that does make you high). Drugs test are carried out because THC is known for psychoactivity and feelings of euphoria and this is the illegal part!
Most hemp oil or CBD products are sold with only trace levels of THC so most consumers shouldn’t have a problem passing a drugs test.
Remember, CBD isn’t even being tested for and most work places aren’t going to have a problem with you using it- it’s non-psychoactive.
All of this said, it is not common for CBD users to turn out a positive drug test for THC. Yet, sometimes when people are new to consuming full spectrum CBD, it can trigger what is known as a false positive.
It is also important to note that CBD was found to interact with the body’s metabolism of certain compounds. What this means is that CBD users who also use cannabis may actually show higher levels of THC for a longer period of time than when using cannabis alone.
To summarise, although consumers shouldn’t have a problem passing a drugs test, consumers that take full spectrum CBD products may fail a urine test for traces of THC. However, further testing such as a blood test, will show that the levels of THC from a full spectrum CBD product are none psychoactive